الجمعة، 25 أبريل، 2014

Why A.R.E should be F.S.E. ? [3] - Freedom/Equality paradox

Why A.R.E. should be F.S.E. ? - part [1]

Why A.R.E should be F.S.E. ? - part [2]

Freedom is obviously realized in liberal countries which praise the individuality and  encourage uniqueness whether equality is widely realized in communist nations .
Equality is the highest value , so everything is legal for its sake even suppressing individuals or torturing them in prisons in order to get an equal coherent society.

Freedom or equality is an eternal paradox handled by nation's will.
Is it possible for Egypt to go back in time into the sixties and become  a communist nation again  ,or a contemporary revolutionary system should govern?
A wise opinion is that : " Egypt has a temporarily salvation, to become a Liberal federal country (F.S.E. : Federal States of Egypt ) ".

Why Egypt should be federal states of Egypt?
(1) different groups , limited resources and unfulfilled basic needs
According to the book's definition* of ' nation' : Egypt is one nation , with different ethnics , languages and religions groups.
races are Nubians , Arabs , Amazigh , Bedouin , the majority : Delta and valley habitants of different origins and thousands of foreigners.
languages are Nubian (3 different accents ) ,  Amazighian , Arabic : Bedouin and Egyptian Arabic with tens of accents.
Religions are Islam , Christianity , Hebrew, Bahaism, non religion , Hinduism.
Each of these categories has a different scope of interest** bargains upon few resources and a problem of unfulfilled basic needs : we clearly have a conflict .
Each of the Egyptian group fight for his basic needs (food , water and shelter ) or (work , clean water and rule of law).
So a local ruling may be a way to resolve these regional problems.

(2) Authority is no longer divine , pharaoh is no longer god , source of authority is the public through democracy . Since  legitimacy of authority can be reached through constitution which is a sort of agreement between government and public, so people should rule themselves to realize them own will by choosing someone among them as a president .
May be mayor's election  is a start .

(3) State authority is a civil authority :
-  Not a military (military authority follows the civil authority )
- Not a religious ( authority is secular and based on civil laws not on god's representative). And since we have different religions and different religious authorities we should have an alternate, a real patriot alternate to those citizens without labels who stand outside any sub-citizen category .

(4) We want to be one nation and this can be done through conditions which is not currently true to Egypt .
For a united country there should be :

(a) One governmental institute . (Governmental domination)

 (b)Equal citizens : (no discrimination between citizens)

 (c) Covers all the country borders

But situation in Egypt now is:
(a) Streets are ruled by out of law gangs , martial law is applied at first then the civil law(revenge habits in upper Egypt , obligated Coptic migration in many conflict areas of Cairo , Alexandria , … )

 (b) There is a governmental discrimination against some minority groups .
Regions speaking non arabic tongue are not allowed to use them mother language in learning or in official documents , Coptics are not allowed to obtain high military positions , black Egyptian specially Nubian are not allowed to appear in presentative media jobs  , non-Abrahamian religious have no place to pray Bahaists are an example : they are not allowed to have temples.
So situation is described as a clear racial , linguistic and religious discrimination.

 ( c ) The government covers Cairo and the main cities where most other areas are ignored .
Poor services , absence of development is the case all over Egypt
The worst situation at border's areas in the east and in the west , they are under Bedouin rule , known to possess heavy weapons,  cultivating and trading hash . 

"There is no deliverance but freedom because we are not the same , never was never will"

This article is a wish for Egypt to avoid Iraq's destructive situation . Hope that Sisi works on a peaceful Federal Egypt before its too late . America lost 600,000 in the civil war a century ago and we don't want to loose 6,000,000 Nubian Egyptian , Amazighian Egyptian , Christian Egyptian or any 6,000,000 Egyptian not a single citizen.



* The political systems of contemporary world – Soad Elsharqawy Cairo 2007
Cairo university publication
** Conflict analysis - online course at USIP 

Author:

I am a whole universe 

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